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The aim of this research is to analyze the cognitive-psychological factor of children training Taekwondo and provide its profiling on the assumption that there might be a cognitive-psychological difference among childhood sports attendants according to their individual factors. To do this, 420 (male 280, female 140) elementary school children from 3rd to 6th grade were asked to fill in a questionnaire who were selected by using cluster random sampling from 15 Taekwondo gyms Seoul, Gyeonggi, Incheon and Chungnam. The collecting data was analyzed by using the subprogram of spss/pc+ 12.0. To use Multiple Analysis of Variance, The questionnaire used in this research included the individual factors such as gender, age, training period, health condition and physical condition. This work carried out a series of an inference statistics according to its purpose and hypothesis after analyzing background difference between groups; that is, after MANOVA testing, Multiple Analysis of Variance was carried out to verify differences in detail. In the cognitive- psychological factors of an individual, frist, concerning self-efficiency 3rd and 4th grade children was higher than 5th and 6th grade. Second, concerning control-perceptional concept, short-term training children were higher than mid/long-term training children. Third, in the aspect of health recognition, the children with a positive thinking for their health showed a higher level of a subjective criterion, activity attitude, self-efficiency and exercise intention than others. Fourth, with respect to a physical strength recognition, the children who believe their physical strength is good were higher on a subjective criterion, activity attitude, efficiency and exercise intention that others. All of this result in this research were based on previous studies and theories.