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현대 한국사회에서의 화두는 노인복지이다. 노인복지는 노인의 빈곤, 질병, 소외와 역할의 상실로 표현되는 4고(苦)가 그 대상이다. 불교에서 추구하는 기본정신인 상구보리 하화중생(上求普提 下化衆生)의 개념을 노인복제에 접목시켜보고자 하였다. 사실 노인복지는 생로병사의 인생의 라이프사이클에서 거의 마무리 단계에 있는 것이다. 불교의 이념에서는 보살도 이념과 행도덕목인 사섭법, 자비사상, 보시사상, 복전사상, 지은보은사상, 생명존중사상을 논의 하였다. 또 불교경전에서의 부모존중 이념으로 부모은중경, 효자경을 설명하였다. 결론적으로 현대의 노인문제를 불교적 이념에 접목시키는 실천적 복지가 필요함을 강조하였다.


Ⅰ. Intoriduction In the present age, I will discuss background and real facts of aging problems that vring up as sirious social problems. Last that, as a means of setting a this trouble, I will try ideological correspondence principle in Buddhism. Ⅱ. Bachground of aging problems. (1) Old age of population and Lengthening of average life-span. As a consequence of development of medical treatment and sanitation, lengthening of life-span led to growth of aging population. (2) Nuclear family-For translation of family style by industrialization, Gradually, tide is converting to nuclear family. (3) Current of industrialization and urbanization - It promotes specialization of family, So, it formed the basis of relaxation to supporting family's aging. (4) Change of value view - As a consequence of incoming universalism, Industrialism, pragmatism, from in the West. It brings about secondary form of ideal and present state of the relationship of age and youth. Ⅲ. Real facts of aging problems (1) Poverty - as a consequence of income severance by retirement under the age limit, it rauses poverty, and make grow worse health. (2) Disease and weaking of health-steady-going older, threat of all sorts dieses is high, because of poverty and lack of medical appliances, it leads to esaking of health. (3) Lost role and solitude-aging lost their role within family by converting nuclear family and within society by retirement under the age limit, and feel langely solityde according to value view of family system. Ⅳ. View ideological in Buddhism of aging problems (1) Idelogical groundwork of social welfare in Buddhism-as fundamental sprits of Buddhism is human relief, it is welfare realization (2) Bodhisattva and social welfare viewpoint Bodhisattva thought and religious asceticism inclues very important basic spirits about social welfare thought and realization, in the present age. (3)Parent respect thought in the Buddhist scriptures(sutra) - Not only Bodhisattva but also, social welfare teaching respects human life, and many form moral relation of between human. 1. It is importand that religious asceticism Amitabba of Bodhisattva, it means that save well mankind 2. Mercy thought-Mercy is practical essential and standard of Buddhism, It has become orgin of verious thoughts. 3. Buddhist alms thought-Buddhist alms is behavior spring from merciful heart. 4. Fortune field thought-As if field produce, it means that if we make an offending to it, introduce for ture. 5. being conscious of a Kindness and gratitude thought-Gratitude behavior is vased on Oriental ethics view and Society solidarity principle. That is positive welfare behavior. 6. Life respect thought-viewpoint of Buddhism shows Buddhist commandments of not Killing animals in heart of mercy, because it become diffuse from the heart of human, and reches living everything. Ⅴ. Conclusion Solution of aging problem is settlement of society trouble. So it must be show by the interrelationships of high level society policy. Also, Buddhism accords with fundamental ideology of democracy, because of faith of mercy, and is thought that gives all round aid to human.