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Photovoltaic effect is confirmed in DSSC fabricated under the common conditions. In upper electrodes, validity of ZnO as new TCO material was investigated and an improvement of characteristics in DSSC was tried by control of process conditions at semiconductive powder layer. ZnO thin film showed very high resistivity, therefore efficiency of solar cell was lower than that of conventional ITO-related material. DSSC characteristics was able to improve by thin blocking layer doposited between the TCO and semiconductor layer.