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In this paper, a laser scattering mechanism are designed to detect micro defects such as dent, scratch, pinhole, etc. Its influential parameters are experimentally selected and scattering patterns of micro defects have been analyzed for silicon wafer in solar cell. As a result of experiments, scattered lights are rather increased in wafer surface with micro defects, in comparison to no micro ones. Scattering parameters are optimally selected for obtaining robust and high quality laser scattering images of micro defects. It is shown that scattered light components are linearly increased according to the increase of micro defect sizes, and the depth of micro-defects give a large influence on optical deflection.