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이 논문은 냉전기 이데올로기 전쟁에 관한 자유주의적 인식과 서사의 틀을 넘어서기 위해, 미군정 공보부와 대한민국 공보처의 활동을 냉전 시기 통치성들의 계보라는 관점에서 분석 하고자 했다. 냉전의 통치성은, 미국에 의한 전지구적 규모의 주권질서 재편 기획의 산물이었고, 전시에나 가능한 군사적 활동을 평시에도 지속할 수 있는 수많은 담론과 제도․기술들로 이루어져 있었다. 미 군정과 정부수립 전후 공보기구들은 식민지기 총독부의 규율권력과는 다른 근대적 공보기능과 여론조사 기능을 갖고 있었다. 하지만 군정 공보기구는 기본적으로 공산주의에 대한 ‘반격’을 수행하는 군사기구였고, 전체주민들의 안전보다는 군정 자체의 안전을 추구하는 모습을 보였다. 공보처는 분단정권의 수립이라는 정치적 맥락에서 역량과 지위가 저하되며, 식민지적 규율기술과 미군정의 새로운 권력기술을 정권의 안보를 지키는데 활용했다.


The experience of cold war in Korea and East Asia should be examined and analyzed not as a rivalries between USA and USSR, but as the particular political, economical, social and cultural experience which lasted over 60 years. In addition, the investigation about special character of ideological battle during cold war should overcome typical liberal perspectives and narratives. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the activities of Information agencies by the perspective of 'cold war governmentality'. The central character of cold war governmentality was the development of numerous systems, organizations, technologies and discourses that enabled sustaining military operations which could be activated only the war times. These governmentality crystallized as the OWI, OSS and CIA which had overwhelming intelligence power. Korea was the first place where 'containment' against communism started,and, in the early stages of US military government, department of Information was a complex intelligence organization which did many information and propaganda operations. The PR organization of military government, as 'security appartus', produced 'selective freedom' by making particular limitations. The standard of screening was 'security' and 'police' of the military government. As the OCI had established in 1947, DPI's role had limited to managing the mass media. And after the formation of the ROK, the role of the bureau of Public Information was changed to screening and censoring mass media as colonial discipline power had done. The 'Yo-sun uprising' became the critical moment for BPI. BPI considered 'security of the government' as the most important goals than 'security of population'. The specific character of cold war governmentality has been to sustain 'state of exception' by referring possibility of war and antagonistic situation,and to produce borders between war and peace, freedom and exclusion,privilege and extermination by screening. And it had pursued existence,development and prosperity within that borders. After all, the 'cold war governmentality' had been the combination of security and freedom, and it had decided, produced and reproduced these borders.