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Re-education research, which used to be focused on the failure of the school reform movement, currently faces a transition of interest into the political education which over time was successful in democratizing Germany. In line with this transition, re-education research has enjoyed a renaissance thanks to the corresponding recent boom in transnational history research. Contrary to this trend, this article looks back to the old core of re-education,i.e. the school reform movement, and examines this issue as transnational-history subject matter by visualizing the movement as a cultural battlefield where two different cultures intensively interacted. While the political education field showed us how transnational interaction between the USA and Germany successfully contributed to the long-term democratization of Germany, the failure of the school reform movement helps us to not judge transnational interactions from teleological viewpoint and to envision how to write conflict, contradiction and exception into the larger narrative of transnational interactions in general.