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The foundation for conscription of the freeborn (yangin) was laid with the land reforms that were enacted at the end of the Goryeo period. The system was further developed under King Taejong, the third monarch of the Joseon Dynasty. This paper discusses two major developments made during Taejong's reign. First,former officials who had received allocations of land in accordance with their rank in the government were required to render military service. Since Taejong's reign, those former officers were assigned to sujeonpae; soldiers of army units stationed in Seoul under a system of rotation. When called up in turn for active duty, they served as palace guards. Second, by imposing military service on government officers who were the core of the ruling class without granting land or other benefits in return the principle of conscription of the freeborn, under which any freeborn male should bear military service could be applied more widely. Land grants were confiscated from former officers who had been granted land allocations and wanted to move outside the capital, as these officers were assigned to mu-sujeonpae under the condition that they maintain their residence in Seoul. Unlike sujeonpae,the military service obligation of mu-sujeonpae was hereditary. The policy for military service of former government officers under King Taejong produced results, but also had clear limitations. More than anything else,the imposition of military service on former officers was directed primarily at those who had been granted land allocations. As a result a system of conscription of the freeborn could not yet be fully implemented.