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The Basic Law of Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was promulgated in 1992 by the late King Fahd. Composed of 83 articles, it stipulates the nature and various functions of the Kingdom as most constitutions do, but it is never called a constitution, since the Quran and Sunnah are the constitution of the Kingdom. Indeed, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the Islamic state with the Quran and Sunnah as the fundamental law of the state. The Basic Law emphasizes the Islamic nature of the state,employing various Islamic religious expressions and espousing the Islamic rhetoric for justifying its monarchy. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the provenance of such religious terms in the Basic Law and discuss the role Islam plays in the raison d'être and functioning of the Kingdom. In so doing, it attempts to show the Basic Law may not be able to meet the changing needs of the society, for it does not adequately deal with modern salient issues like democracy and human rights.