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We analyzed the concentration of serum total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC), triglyceride (TG) and the serum lipoprotein electrophoresis fractions in hypertensive patients (hypertension group, n=182). The average concentration of lipids and lipoprotein fractions in the hypertension group was compared to that of the normal group. The average concentrations of serum TC, LDLC and TG in the hypertension group were significantly higher than those of the normal group (3.3%, 11% and 70%, respectively)(P<0.05). But HDLC was nonsignificantly lower (2%) (P<0.05). In the hypertension group, the percentages of patients who had an abnormally high level of total cholesterol, HDLC, LDLC and TG were 12.1%, 8.2%, 24.2% and 44.5%,respectively. The average of β-lipoprotein (27.5%) and pre β-lipoprotein (12.6%) were significantly higher, whereas α-lipoprotein (15.2%) was significantly lower in the hypertension group than in the normal group (P<0.05). The percentages of patients who had an abnormally high level of very low density lipoprotein (pre β-LP), LDLC (β-LP) and chylomicron were 31.3%, 17.0% and 12.6%, respectively. This study suggests that an increasing of total cholesterol,LDLC and TG, pre β-LP, β-LP and chylomicron are associated with a risk factor for hypertension.