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the purpose of this study is to the elderly population continues to increase in order to improve the quality of life in an aging society to achieve participational motivation and social roles for Participation Elder of Sport For All Program. The subject of this study were 564(249 male and 315 female) individuals who were selected using the purposeful sampling method. The method of statistics was practiced to be in Frequence Analysis, factor analysis, Reliability, One-way ANOVA, Pearson’s Correlation Analysis and Multiple Regression by using SPSS WIN 17.0. The conclusion of this study are as follows:First, the gender for Sport For All participation had no significant difference between motivation factors,there were significant differences in the productive role of social role factors. Second, the age of sport participation motivation for the psychological stability, relationships, health seeking all the factors of 65 to 70 years in the highest, lowest in 70 years or older, and social factors play a productive role, citizens role, family members under the age of 60-65 in the highest, lowest in 70 years or older. Third, the income between Sport For All participate motivation, human relationships, health seeking in a factor of more than 2 million won, and psychological factors of stability less than 1 million won in the highest. factors of social role play a productive role, Civil roles, family members more than 2 million won in all of the factors was the highest. Fourth, social role factor in Sport For All participate motivation is the impact on the of health seeking factors that affect all the factors were valid.