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The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between the self-management and the performance in gymnastic players according to the level of exercise goal. To achievement the purpose, after setting all the male and female players registered with Korea Gymnastic Association who were older than the high school student as the population of this study, I chose 268 gymnastic players as the study subjects through the clustered sampling. The results of analyzing the relationship between gymnastic players’ the self-management and the game competence by goal-setting of exercise through the above research method and procedure were as follows: First, the exercise goal of gymnastic players affected on their management of themselves. Second, in-group significant gap appeared in gymnastic player’s status of goal-setting and sports competence. Third, there were in-group significant gap between gymnastic player’s self-management and game performance.