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The purpose of this study was to examine the present condition for body image and appearance management behavior of 332 male national athletes. The survey was conducted from September to November in 2010. The factor analysis was analyzed by using SPSS ver 12.0 window program and for verification of reliability, the Crobach’α Coefficient was obtained. Correlation analysis and Multiple regression analysis were conducted. The results are as followings. The examined results for recognition of body shape showed that a lot athletes who were included as Obesity considered themselves as a standard type. The Obesity athletes had the highest attention for managing body weight in examining body image according to BMI(Body Mass Index), and lower self-confidence of body. In appearance management behavior, the innovative appearance management behavior turned out to be the most important factor and chief of all, the skin management was considered best. In the body images, as the self-confidence of body and the attention of body weight were higher, they tended to make up themselves. This showed that the attention of managing body weight influenced all the appearance management behavior of the male national athletes.