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In the mid-20th century, mankind experienced tragic circumstances from two great wars faced nihilism in which emptiness of life, disbelief in others, and worthlessness of beings are mingled within the anxiety and horror of death. The disillusion they felt from the world made them deny the value of the future and produced absurd standards of life value with which they gradually tended to regard their alienation and isolation as natural. In the periodic circumstances filled with despair and horror, there appeared two authors representing the absurd drama in Korea and America in the latter half of the 1950’s. First of all, the American absurd drama presented by Edward Franklin Albee tried to expose falsehood and hypocrisy of men pursing only the material from society that had dramatically grown after the war while Geun-sam Lee in Korea, too, criticized the aspects of the Korean society where people were subject to the absolute authority of capitalism and neglected the problems of mutual relationship or communication. In the latter part of this thesis, the author will examine the tragic lives of contemporaries who internalize their own isolation trapped in the prison of alienation without doing any communication with others, with two works of Albee’s The Zoo Story and Lee’s Manuscript Paper. Also, based on the principles of prison demonstrated in Michel Paul Foucault’s Discipline and Punish, this study will discuss the mechanism of discipline which traps contemporaries into a subjective prison. Moreover, through the comparison of the characters who lead their lives without noticing their isolation and those who realize it and attempt to get away from the prison of isolation, this paper intends to figure out solutions to break down the absurd reality based on men’s will and potential to overcome it, not restricted to European absurd dramas.