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This thesis studies the difference between the Korean ancient novel <唐太宗傳> and Chinese classical literature work<西遊記> base on a point of view of comparative literature. Above all, studying and analyzing deeper on the subject of comparative literature is a weight-bearing point in this thesis. In the field of comparative literature, the Korean scholars are given to study the difference of classical literature between China and Korea. By contraries, in China, this kind of study rarely be done probably because of the different language, conscious and values. Since China and Korea are close to each other, the two country interflow with each other frequently, thus the subject of China and Korean’s comparative literature is much more worth to study about. To study the comparative literature, the affect that literature gives is a part which can not be abridge. The questions about the Korean ancient novel <唐太宗傳> which the writer would like to analyze in this thesis are also included in the same field. In addition, in the theses the Korean scholars done, the question about if the <唐太宗傳> a remade novel is often mentioned. Opinions are widely divided; thus, the writer tries to study and compare the <唐太宗傳> with the Chinese classical novel <西遊記> by a study way which is the same with the comparative literature. The author and the age of the Korean ancient novel <唐太宗傳> are unknown; while, the Chinese people consider that 唐太宗 is the emperor of the Tang Dynasty, then how does the emperor of the Tang Dynasty appear and be the main character in the Korean ancient novel in a form of biographical literature?Some Korean scholars did brilliant analysis about <唐太宗傳>; while in China, there were little achievements about <唐太宗傳>. Therefore, the writer tries to study with an objective standpoint, not to be limited by the problems such as racial conscious and languages, hope to complete a renewal study of comparative literature.