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The aims of this study are to analyze difference between pragmatic productive competence and pragmatic understanding competence and to determine influencing factors on the difference. Pragmatic competence is very important along with grammatical competence to improve communicative competence. However there are not many studies on pragmatic competence in Korean education studies. Therefore, I studied pragmatic competence of Korean learners as comparison between pragmatic productive competence and pragmatic understanding competence. Specifically, I studied expressions for guessing and wish that are used for refusal, suggestion, request in context. In this study, I have two research questions: ⅰ) Is there difference between pragmatic productive competence and pragmatic understanding competence? ⅱ) If there is difference, what factors do influence the difference? In this study, influencing factors were determined as general proficiency and pragmatical functions. The instrument was used in this study is multiple choice test. And I used a t-test to analyze the data.