초록 close

This study examined the narrative characteristics and origin of ‘lying’ oral narratives that have been orally transmitted in Korea with literary and semiotic viewpoints. ‘Lying’ oral narratives consist of several levels, from short stories exhibiting only delicateness of expression to long ones that also exhibit delicateness of content. Regardless of length, however, they can all be categorized as ‘lying’ oral narratives, and thus it is necessary to explain the unique nature of these narratives. There have been few studies on ‘lying’ oral narratives, and no attempt has been made to analyze them as a separate type of oral narrative. Thus, regarding ‘lie’ oral narratives as an independent form of orally transmitted narrative, this study analyzed their narrative characteristics and presented everyday, goal-oriented, paradoxical, and argumentative characteristics. In addition, when we consider that lies are not a desirable form of discourse but still have elements capable of attracting people’s interest (or are worthy to be valued positively), the characters in ‘lying’ oral narratives are comparable with ‘tricksters’ in myths. This suggests that the origin of ‘lying’ oral narratives is in myths, which are representative products of an oral society that invests the 'word' with authority. In other words, we may see ‘lying’ oral narratives as variations of oral cultural memories of mythological tricksters in the transmitters of these ‘lying’ oral narratives.