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Chemical castration is the medical administration to reduce libido and sexual desire, in the design of preventing serious rapists, child molesters and other types of sex offender from repeating their crimes. Some of countries have already surgical castration, which means to remove the testicles or ovaries through an incision in the body. Chemical castration is not the way to castrate the person, nor is it a way of sterilization. According to the medical report, the effect of chemical castration is just temporal, not permanent. Castration is considered reversible when treatment is discontinued. Side effects are the problematic concern. A medical report indicates that chemical castration can cause bone density loss because of Depo Provera use. Child molestation is a serious problem in the world. In Korea recently a few related child molesters are occurred and caught huge interests of mass media. People begin to think that the legal system is lenient with pedophiles, punishing them with insufficiently brief prison sentences. Some child molesters are released back into society. Legislation plans new law to activate chemical castration from 24th of July, to reduce biological desire of male pedophiliac, injecting Depo Provera or other chemical injection. However other experts argue that chemical treatment for castration is ineffective and will not prevent molestation. Forced castration may have the adverse effect of angering a criminal, increasing his violent tendencies. Additionally it easily reversible. Regardless, the chemical castration has been criticized as inhuman criminal policy, in the consideration of constitutionality. As the law shows,a mandatory injection without consent could be unconstitutional. Although chemical treatments can decrease the aggressive fantasies of male offenders, it should be reviewed in line of criminal rationality and specific data-analysing. Chemical castration is not the perfect solution to inhibit child molestation, additionally it discourages the rationality of criminology which dignifies human rights.