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The chronic diseases in korean judiciary, 'the Privileges of Former Post'and 'All mighty is the dollar', lose strength in the very People's Participatory Trial. The Participatory Trial in Korea have been enforced 4 years. It has the positive standpoints that offer the place of democracy education, get back the public confidence in the judiciary and strengthen the democratic legitimacy of the judiciary. But, because of low-end receipt ratio and high withdrawal and exclusion ratio, it is not enough to say that the Participatory Trial has been activated and has taken root in our judiciary system. Especially, in comparison with the jury system in America which has been advanced actively, the jury trial system in Korea is not regarded as the stage of activation. This is the meaning we have to activate the new system the more. Therefore, it is necessary to focus the direction of the new system on activation. First of all, we should examine the problems that obstruct the activation of the Participatory Trial and find out the plan of improvement. The problems that obstruct the activation of the Participatory Trial ; A high evasion ratio and a high withdrawal ratio of defendant, the severe application of the causes of exclusion to the Participatory Trial and the rigorous meddling of the court in a jury trial, and the excessive appeal of the prosecution that objects to the finding of the Participatory Trial. Tosolve these problems, it is required the conversion of defendant's understanding that selecting a jury trial is favorable to him. With full legal advice, it is needed to prepare the surrounding to select. And it is necessary of the legislation to concretize the causes of exclusion that were inclusive and obscure. The more participation of people be demanded in improvement of the system and the Participatory Trial take root in our culture. When jourors unanimously give the non-guilty verdict,the appeal of the prosecution should not be admitted.