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이 연구는 대학생의 성별, 학년, 계열에 따라서 진로의식에 대한 차이가 있는가와 부모-자녀간의 의사소통, 진로결정 자기효능감이 진로의식에 어떤 영향을 미치는지를 알아보고자 하는데 그 목적이 있다. 본 연구의 조사대상은 전라남도에 소재한 J, K 대학생 402명이다. 본 연구에서 설정된 연구문제를 검증하기 위해 SPSS/PC Win(ver. 18.0)프로그램을 이용하여 문항 내적 신뢰도, 상관관계분석, F(t)-test, 경로분석을 실시하였다. 본 연구에서 나타난 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 대학생들은 남학생이 여학생에 비해서 진로의식 수준이 높은 것으로 나타났으며, 학년이 높을수록 진로의식 수준이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 그러나 계열에 따른 차이는 없는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 부-자녀 의사소통은 전체효과 .12, 직접 효과는 없고, 간접 효과 .12이며, 모-자녀 의사소통은 전체 효과 .19, 직접 효과 .12, 간접 효과 .07이다. 진로결정 자기효능감은 전체 효과 .57로 직접 효과 .57이며, 간접 효과는 없었다. 즉, 부모-자녀간의 의사소통, 진로결정 자기효능감, 진로의식 간에는 직․간접적인 효과가 있음을 알 수 있었다.


This study pursues to investigate the influences of communications with parents and career decision self-efficacy on career consciousness, and examine whether gender, college year, and major make difference on career consciousness among college students. The participants of this study were 402 students from two universities in Chollanam-do. SPSS/PC Win(ver. 18.0) was used to analyze reliablity, correlation, and F(t)-test. Path analyses were employes to examine the relationships among the variables. The results were as follows. First, male students were higher than female students in the level of career consciousness. The college students who are higher in grade level were more conscious in career. But major did not make any difference on career consciousness. Second, the results of path analyses contend that a total effect was .12 and an indirect effect was .12 on communication with father. In terms of communication with mother, a total effect, a direct effect, and an indirect effect were .19, .12, and .07 respectively. A total effect and a direct effect of Career decision self-efficacy were .57 and .57 respectively, but there was not an indirect effect on career consciousness. In summary, this study presents that there are direct and indirect effects among communicaton with parents, career decision self-efficacy, and career consciousness.