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본 연구는 신고전주의 양식의 뮤지엄의 공간구조와 전시내용구성과의 관계를 공간구문론과 가시성그래프 분석 이론을 통해 분석하였다. 이러한 연구결과를 통해 가시성이 높고 접근이 용이한 전시물 배치를 예측하며, 공간계획 시 기본데이터를 제공하여 공간의 특성에 맞게 디자인을 할 수 있도록 목적을 가진다. 연구의 범위는 개실형 전시공간과 중심공간을 가지는 신고전주의 양식의 뮤지엄 중 유럽과 미국의 각 2개의 곳이며, 총 4개의 뮤지엄이다. 분석방법은 4개의 뮤지엄의 공간구문론을 이용한 볼록공간분석방법과 뎁스맵의 가시성그래프이론을 활용하였다. 또한, 도출된 데이터를 가지고 전시내용구성과의 관계를 분석하였는데, 전시내용구성은 전시의 주제별 영역과 핵심전시공간으로 구분하였으며, 전체통합도와 국부통합도와의 관계를 살펴보았다. 전시영역의 배치는 전체통합도와 값과 비슷한 수준으로 나타나 적절하게 배치되어 있으며, 핵심전시의 배치는 전체통합도와 국부통합도에서 높게 나타나는 위치에 배치되어 있어, 인지성이 높을 것으로 파악이 되었다.


As the elderly population are rapidly growing, the elderly who needs special care and nursing homes for them are also growing. However, many nursing homes were planned without considering the hierarchial space organization such as division of housing unit and nursing unit based on the cognitive and behavioral characteristics of the elderly or accessibility and supportiveness of the staff. This study was to examine the hierarchial characteristics in space organization of nursing homes by using Space Syntax. The subjects were 8 nursing homes in Busan. First, spaces in nursing homes were divided into five areas based on the literature review. Then the hierarchy of space organization for the access layer and layers of living floors was grasped by using G-graph. The access layer has a tree-type hierarchical structure and high visuality. Also, average depth of the space was 5. Then the full integration was analyzed. Mobile area, such as elevator, hallways, or living rooms has a high accessibility and the middle corridor type has commonly been characterized. The nursing stations were analyzed through the control degree and it was low in three nursing homes such as B, C, and G. The low clarity was showed in B, D, and F. The low clarity means that it is relatively difficult to recognize the whole space organization of nursing home. Even though the hierarchy of their living floors was tree-type structure with a high visuality, they has a type of grouping spaces around hallways and spreading, or a ring type.