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본 연구는 국립과천과학관, 국립중앙과학과, 과학미래관의 상설전시실을 대상으로 전시공간의 구성과 관람객 움직임을 분석하였다. 분석대상관을 건축공간의 유형과 전시방식의 구성적 측면에서 분석하였으며, 과학관의 전시공간 내에서 형성되는 관람객의 움직임을 예측할 수 있는 공간적 단서를 찾는 것을 연구의 목적으로 진행되었다. 이상과 같은 조사·분석된 내용을 바탕을 다음과 같은 결론을 도출할 수 있었다. 전시환경의 다양성과 관람객의 움직임 : 건축공간의 유형과 전시방식의 이분화된 대분류 이외에도 수직동선의 구성과 전시공간의 크기와 형태, 전시매체의 분포특성, 상징공간의 구성 등과 같은 전시환경의 다양한 구성과 조합에 따라 관람객 움직임을 예측할 수 있는 범위와 정도가 달라질 수 있음을 시사한다. 그 예로 광역적 관람동선을 구성하는 건축공간의 유형은 수직동선의 구성에 따라 평면적 순환의 체계가 변화될 수 있음을 파악하였다. 이와 함께 건축공간의 형식이 전시공간의 형태에 영향을 주며, 전시방식의 다양성과 배열에 직접적으로 영향을 미치는 요소로 작용될 수 있음을 시사한다. 즉, 전시환경을 구성하는 공간적 요소는 상호 복합적으로 작용하며, 관람객의 움직임을 제한하거나 조정하는 특성을 보여준다.


The premise of this study is that an ultimate objective in planning an exhibition space is visitors' experiences created by a result of their first-hand experiences and responses within an exhibition space, and this result can be recognized in the visitors' movement. Thus, the exhibition layout that can directly affects viewers' main line of flow and movement patterns was examined vis--vis a mutually complementary relation in a triangular composition with the structure of exhibition space and the exhibition contents. This study, with the subjects of standing exhibit halls of Gwacheon National Science Museum, Daejeon National Science Museum, and Tokyo National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation, analyzed the correlation between the configuration of the exhibition area and the visitors' movement. The targeted subjects were analyzed from the perspectives of type of architectural space and organization of the exhibition method, and the purpose of this study was to find a spatial evidence to predict the spectator movement formed within the exhibition halls of science museums. The main indicators used are: Based on the investigation/analysis as described above, the following conclusion could be drawn. Diversity of exhibition environment and spectator movement: besides the two big categories of the types of architectural space and types of exhibition method, the construction of vertical circulation and size and shape of the exhibition space, distribution characteristics of exhibition medium, organization of symbolic space and such other diverse organizations and combinations of exhibition environment are implied to have the capability to alter the scope and degree of predicting spectator movement. As an example, the types of architectural space comprising the wide-area viewing circulation was found to be able to change the system of planar circulation according to the composition of vertical circulation. Along with this, it was implied that the format of architectural space influences the form of the exhibition space, and may also act as a factor directly influencing the diversity and arrangement of the exhibition methods. That is, the spatial elements comprising the exhibition environment acts inter-complexly, and exhibits characteristics of limiting or controlling spectator movement.