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Recently ‘multiculturalism’ has been one of the hottest issues in Korea, and as a response to that, museums, especially the national ones, have been taking action to pursue a policy of multiculturalism. However, the discussion about multiculturalism in Korean museums has not fully developed yet due to the lack of time, since the society has been undergoing dramatic changes into a multicultural society in a very short period of time. Although some studies on multiculturalism in museums have been conducted for the last 4〜5 years, there have rarely been ones introducing the background and theoretical framework of the discussion in Western societies, where the notion was originally developed. Therefore, I introduce the background and theoretical framework of the discussion in Western context, especially in the UK, in this paper. Because the notion of multiculturalism in museums has been discussed as a part of the issue of ‘social inclusion and social role of museums’ in Western context, discourse on social inclusion in museums is scrutinized: terms and definitions,backgrounds, debates and impacts. In addition, it is analyzed that why museums are suitable for such a task of disseminating awareness of multiculturalism. For the last several decades the aforementioned issues around multiculturalism in museums have been discussed vigorously in some Western countries including the UK, and through that process, the social consensus about the museum's responsibility and role in a multicultural society has been made. In Korea, however, the process of communicating with the general public about multiculturalism in museums and reaching a social agreement is now in its infancy, as the on-going transition into a multicultural society is a relatively new phenomenon in Korea compared to the Western countries. When museums implement the policy of multiculturalism without the general consensus of their visitors, some drawbacks might occur. Thus, it is needed to further develop the ideas of multiculturalism in museums in Korean context to gain social consensus regarding the museum's role and responsibility in a multicultural society, and this paper might be helpful.