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This paper introduces new understanding of the literature of the 1980s’, which is one of the flow of new understanding of the 1980s’ since the mid-90s. It is Cheng Guang-wei in People’s University of China and other researchers of contemporary literature who lead the flow of new understanding of the literatur of the 1980s’. Cheng Guang-wei has been leading the coure of return to literatur of the 1980s’ in class from 2005. Their main point is as follows: 1. They lay empasis not on the literature itself, but on the literary system. 2. They pay attentions to the relationship of 80’s literature and 50-70’s literature. 3. Return to the 80s, 80s, mainstream discourse about literary repression, omission, concealment, discovering things that ruled the 80s and are looking to reduction to its original shape. They intend to reture to the 80’s, and excavate somethings that have been repressed, omitted, concealed and excluded by the main discouresrestore, and finally restore the original shape of the literature of 1980s’. Based on these mathods, they depict the look of the literature of the 1980s’, which include the meaning of 4th National Congress of Literary and Art Workers of China(1979), internal differences in literary world, functionality of the literary system in 1980s’, the fate of socialist realism, re-evaluation of Trauma Literature, the association between Vanguard novels and Shanghai city etc.