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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of mother’s neuroticism and parenting stress, and young children’s stress on internal and external problem behaviors. The participants of this study consisted of 236 mothers,who had children aged 5-7 in Chungbuk area. Mothers responded to questionnaires and data analyzed using SPSS program(version 12.0) and AMOS program(version 5.0). The results of this study were as follows.: First, a mother’s neuroticism, parenting stress,and young children’s stress directly influenced on young children’s internalizing problem behaviors. The effect of mother’s neuroticism on young children’s internalizing problem behaviors was mediated by mother’s parenting stress and young children’s stress. Second, mother’s parenting stress influenced young children’s externalizing problem behaviors directly, but mother’s neuroticism and young children’s stress did not. The effect of mother’s neuroticism on young children’s externalizing problem behaviors was mediated by parenting stress.