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V. Gordon Childe’s understanding of how human history unfolded was based on certain ideas regarding the historical process. However, the dissemination of these ideas amongst the wider public has been accompanied by a misunderstanding of the original intentions and messages contained within. The aim of this paper, therefore, is to rectify this unfortunate situation by providing a detailed discussion on Childe’s perception of the historical process. In order to do so, a brief examination of his two revolutions - the Neolithic and Urban - is first carried out since an incomplete understanding of these two concepts is thought to have contributed to the inaccurate interpretation of Childe’s original ideas on human history. These ideas are then considered in the following section and three key points are noted. First, Childe's interpretation of human history was based, above all, on a socio-economic perspective. Second,Childe had belief in the progress of humankind, but progress was not taken to mean social and economic ‘development’ in the social evolutionary sense. Third, the process of social and economic change, which determined the outcome of human history, was dialectical rather than directional.