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본 연구는 노년기 건강한 삶의 중요한 요인이라 할 수 있는 중년 여성의 정신건강에 대한 연구이다. 중년 여성의 정신건강에 사회적 지지와 자아존중감이 어떻게 영향을 미치는지 탐색해 보고자 하였다. 이를 위해 2009년 3월부터 9월까지 비확률 편의 표집 방법을 이용하여 중년 여성 395명을 대상으로 조사하여 설문지를 분석하였다. 자료 분석을 위해 SPSS 12.0 통계 프로그램을 활용하였고 빈도 분석, 기술 통계, 독립 표본 t검증, 일원 변량 분석, 정신건강 영향에 대한 영향 요인을 알아보기 위해 위계적 다중 회귀 분석을 하였다. 설문에 응답한 중년 여성의 평균 연령은 49.1세였으며, 인구 사회학적 요인은 학력이 높을수록, 직업은 전문직일수록, 신체 건강과 생활수준은 높을수록 정신건강이 높게 나타났으며, 자아존중감이 높을수록 정신건강이 좋은 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구 결과를 통해 중년 여성의 정신건강을 위해 자아존중감과 사회적 지지의 중요성을 알 수 있으며 이를 위한 복지 프로그램 등이 필요함을 제안하였다.


The purpose of this study was to examine the mental health of the female pre-elderly, which is one of the crucial factors to lead a healthy life in old age. It’s specifically meant to investigate the relationship between the mental health and social support of middle-age women and the mediating effect of their self-esteem. The subjects in this study were middle-age women who were aged between 41 and 59 and selected by non probability convenience sampling. After a survey was conducted, the answer sheets from 412 respondents were gathered, and the answer sheets from 395 respondents were analyzed except for the incomplete ones. A SPSS 12.0 program was employed to analyze the collected data, and frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, independent-samples t-test, one-way ANOVA and multiple regression analysis were utilized to find out the mediating effect of self-esteem on the influence of mental health. The middle-age women surveyed were at the average age of 49.1. In regard to the impact of sociodemo graphic characteristics, those who were better educated, who were professionals, who were in better shape and whose living standard was higher were in better mental health. Concerning the mediating effect of self-esteem on mental health, that had a partial mediating effect on the relationship between social support and mental health. The findings of the study illustrated that self-esteem and social support were important for the mental health of the middle-age women. Therefore the development of quality welfare programs is required to promote their mental health.