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The purpose of this study was investigate the effect of perceived body image on stress of physical education class and emotion of elementary school students. The data were collected through a questionnaire written by a sample of 419 elementary school students in Daegu province. The scales used in this study were body image scale by Yoon & Cho(2001), stress in the physical education class scale by Lyu, Pyo, Pyo, & Kim(2004), Emotion scale by Jung(1997). The results of this study were as follows; First, among the subscales of body image, grils was higher overall appearance evaluation than boys. And boys was higher positive emotion than girls. Second, among the subscales of body image, fatness evaluation and overall appearance evaluation positively influenced stress from motor skill performance. but fatness evaluation and overall appearance evaluation negatively influenced health/fitness evaluation. And fatness evaluation positively influenced stress from the contents of the physical education class. and health/fitness evaluation negatively influenced stress from the contents of the physical education class. And among subscale of body image, fatness evaluation negatively influenced positive emotion, health/fitness evaluation and investment in ideals positively influenced positive emotion. and fatness evaluation positively influenced negative emotion but health/fitness evaluation negatively influenced negative emotion. Third, among subscales of stress in physical education class, stress from motor skill performance positively influenced negative emotion. and the stress from the contents of the physical education negatively influenced positive emotion and positively influenced negative emotion.