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The purpose of this research was to examine the construct validity, factorial validity, and discriminant validity of perceived belonging scale in physical education class for elementary school children. This research was to use two original the perceived belonging in sport scale which was examined by Allen(2006) and the other one which was examined Cox and Williams(2008). The subjects were 654(boys: 321, girls: 333) elementary school children and they have lived in G city and J province now. In analysis explanatory factor analysis, 3 factors which were relatedness(8 items), teachers' support(5 items), and alienation(3 items) and this scale had a good internal consistence. Explanatory factor analysis and confirmed factor analysis in this research provided evidence to support the construct validity. In confirmatory factor analysis there were significance GFI, CFI, RMR. In discriminant validity, there were difference relatedness and alienation between groups by sex, there were difference relatedness and teachers' support between groups according to children's cognitive athletic abilities.