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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of elementary students' achievement goal orientations and internal motivation of the Vaulting Horse in Physical Education. The subjects were selected from the Y elementary school in Busan metropolitan city. The subjects were 5th - 6th elementary school students(Males, n=212). The measure instruments include Korea elementary student versions of the task and ego goal orientation in physical education classes, physical intrinsic motivation questionnaire. The used statistical methods for the data analysis were Two-way ANOVA, Regression Analysis and Correlation analysis. The conclusions obtained from this study:Fist, the task orientation and ego orientation had a significant effect on interest-effort and competence. Second, competence(lower/higher) had a significant effect on Vaulting Horse in Physical Education and higher competence performed significantly better than lower one. Third, the task orientation positively related to interest- effort and competence, and interest- effort and competence are positively related to Vaulting Horse in Physical Education.