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Objective : We did a comparative study about characteristics of oriental medical books. As a result, we took notice of classification in the nominal terms by semantic type of UMLS(Unified Medical Language System). By using classified nominal terms, comparative study can be more effectively. So, we selected another oriental medical book and classified nominal terms in it by semantic type of UMLS. By result of classification, we have attempted to study about comparison between oriental medical books and development of medical theories. Method :We have made a comparative study on classification in the nominal terms between Biwiron(脾胃論) and Soayakjeungjikgyeol(小兒藥證直訣) ccording to the below the procedure. (1) Making a nominal terms list of Soayakjeungjikgyeol(小兒藥證直訣) and grasping contextual meaning of nominal terms of it. (2) Modification and supplementation about semantic type of UMLS for Soayakjeungjikgyeol(小兒藥證直訣). Using the modified classification system, we classified nominal terms. After this process, we arranged classified nominal terms by Haansoft Hangul 2007. (3) Comparing classified nominal terms between Biwiron(脾胃論) and Soayakjeungjikgyeol(小兒藥證直訣). Result : In the Soayakjeungjikgyeol(小兒藥證直訣), there are more than 2,519's nominal terms and different categories of semantic type of UMLS classification from Biwiron(脾胃論). Through comparison between their classification of nominal terms, we can understand the characteristics of the two and their development of medical theories.