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Sanghanron(傷寒論) can be approached through the understanding of the formulas. It is very important to correlate the efficacy of drugs and pathogenesis of syndrome. In this sense, the author examines the Paeoniae Radix Alba's efficacy. The Paeoniae Radix Alba[芍藥] used in Gyejitang(桂枝湯), Galgeuntang(葛根湯), Sogeonjungtang(小建中湯), Jagyakgamchotang(芍藥甘草湯) all have a similar effect. The Paeoniae Radix Alba supplies the tendon and blood meridian with bodily fluids, so it treats the stiffness and pain of the head and neck[頭項强痛], stiffness of the neck and back[項背强几几] and acute pain in the abdomen[腹中急痛] etc. Meanwhile, the Paeoniae Radix Alba treats difficulty in urination. It moistens the path to the excretion of urine included among drugs which increase digestion and transformation.