초록 close

본 논문에서는 칼 바르트 이후 현대 신학자들 가운데 삼위일체론을 중요하게 다루고 있는 위르겐 몰트만(Jürgen Moltmann)의 삼위일체론 을 살펴봄으로써, 그것이 지닌 현대적 의미를 새겨보고자 한다. 그는 삼 위일체론이 일인 지배 체제를 정당화 시켜주는 일신론을 극복하는 틀 이라고 주장한다. 이 점에서, 몰트만의 삼위일체론은 정치적인 혹은 사 회적인 실천적 의의를 갖고 있다.


Jürgen Moltmann has developed his trinity in the practical or social standpoint. According to him, the Christian doctrine of God is not monotheism but trinity, which means the Father, the Son, and the Spirit, and this Triune God is the origin of community. Therefore, Moltmann’s trinity does not remain a mere theological but has a practical dimension. The practice which Moltmann talks about is not only a ethical practice but also refers to a practical basis through which dictatorial ideology may be overcome. According to him, “religiously motivated political monotheism” has always legitimated dictatorial domination from the Roman Empire through absolute ideology of 17th century to the dictatorship of the 20th century. In other word, monotheism has been used to justify dictatorial domination. According to Moltmann, there are two types of monotheism. One is political monotheism and the other is clerical monotheism. The former has justified the dictatorial political power, and the latter the clerical power. However, these two powers are not separated, but interrelated to each other. The doctrine of the trinity presupposes the communion among the triune God, the Father, the Son and the Spirit. This is because the doctrine of the trinity has begun because of Jesus Christ who came to the world for the reconciliation and communion between God and humanity. In this sense, Moltmann says that the doctrine of the trinity should be developed on the basis of “the true theological doctrine of freedom.” That is to say, the doctrine of the trinity should be understood as a tool to overcome monotheism and also the dictatorial monarchism.


Jürgen Moltmann has developed his trinity in the practical or social standpoint. According to him, the Christian doctrine of God is not monotheism but trinity, which means the Father, the Son, and the Spirit, and this Triune God is the origin of community. Therefore, Moltmann’s trinity does not remain a mere theological but has a practical dimension. The practice which Moltmann talks about is not only a ethical practice but also refers to a practical basis through which dictatorial ideology may be overcome. According to him, “religiously motivated political monotheism” has always legitimated dictatorial domination from the Roman Empire through absolute ideology of 17th century to the dictatorship of the 20th century. In other word, monotheism has been used to justify dictatorial domination. According to Moltmann, there are two types of monotheism. One is political monotheism and the other is clerical monotheism. The former has justified the dictatorial political power, and the latter the clerical power. However, these two powers are not separated, but interrelated to each other. The doctrine of the trinity presupposes the communion among the triune God, the Father, the Son and the Spirit. This is because the doctrine of the trinity has begun because of Jesus Christ who came to the world for the reconciliation and communion between God and humanity. In this sense, Moltmann says that the doctrine of the trinity should be developed on the basis of “the true theological doctrine of freedom.” That is to say, the doctrine of the trinity should be understood as a tool to overcome monotheism and also the dictatorial monarchism.