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Objectives:Suicide is the 4th major cause of death in Korea. The annual rate of suicide per 100,000 people was 23 persons in 2006. Suicide prevention became one of the most important issues in government health policy. This study aims to investigate the current status of suicide and evaluation for suicide prevention programs of Korea. Methods:All the associations and mental health centers carrying out suicide prevention programs were visited and interviewed to gather information related to the matters. Annual reports of the associations and centers were also reviewed. Results:The Korean government has recently developed suicide prevention strategies, and comprehensive programs have been provided by suicide prevention associations and mental health centers. However, there are some similarities between contents of the suicide prevention programs in Korea and those in developed countries. Even though suicide is related to diverse aspects of social life, there is no central association to organize suicide prevention programs in Korea. Few organizations that provide the programs only exist around metropolitan areas in Korea. In other words, appropriate structures for monitoring and evaluating suicide prevention programs do not exist in Korea. Conclusion:Suicide prevention programs in Korea are under the stage of development. More comprehensive and organized strategies are needed in order to reduce the rate of suicide in Korea.