초록 close

Until now, Korea carried out disaster management under the perception that the central government or the local government bodies are totally responsible. However the capacity of the public disaster management did not live up to the expectations as the size of disasters become larger. Also, due to the increase in society size, diversity and increase in demand for disaster management service "society" is being perceived as the consumer and provider of the service. As the emphasis moves from and to [national security -> personal safety -> social safety], there is a need to measure the disaster prevention capacity of each region to find out whether the region is able to confront disasters, and come up with improvement plans to compensate for any insufficiencies or shortcomings. To analyze this issue, this research conducted interviews on disaster response readiness by [individual resident-residents cooperation-public/ private collaboration] according to each prevention- reaction-restoration stage, as resident representatives(Head of Ri, Head of Tong) as subjects. Based on the interviews, surveys were conducted to deduct the necessary factors needed for the general residents to exhibit disaster prevention capabilities. The surveys consist of 6 factors-risk perception, evacuation inductively, individual evacuation response, disaster prevention system, lookout & precaution, information communication.