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This study was conducted to observe some characteristics of aneuploid trees obtained from the crosses between diploid and triploid in the first experiment. The results showed that the difference among the percentage of aneuploid’s pollen grain germination was large, and all of them were lower than that of diploid ‘Hongro’ (82.4%). The average weight and size of each aneuploid's fruit was far lighter and smaller than that of diploid ‘Hongro’. According to the width and length, all of the fruits shape was flat or short-globose conical shape except for JF3942. Almost all the aneuploid had higher sugar content than ‘Hongro’, nearly half of aneuploid fruits were firmer than that of diploid ‘Hongro’. As for the acid contents of aneuploid fruits, the results were greatly different from those of previous studies on diploid apples, in present study the citric acid and tartaric acid contents were more than the malic acid which are dominant acid in most cultivars of apples. Both the length and width of aneuploid tree were shorter than that of diploid ‘Hongro’. Most aneuploid trees’ height was longer than width, but there were 4 exceptions. The size of leaves was smaller than that of diploid ‘Hongro’ according to the length and width of leaves measured. In all, aneuploid’s vegetative growth is not as vigorous as diploid.


This study was conducted to observe some characteristics of aneuploid trees obtained from the crosses between diploid and triploid in the first experiment. The results showed that the difference among the percentage of aneuploid’s pollen grain germination was large, and all of them were lower than that of diploid ‘Hongro’ (82.4%). The average weight and size of each aneuploid's fruit was far lighter and smaller than that of diploid ‘Hongro’. According to the width and length, all of the fruits shape was flat or short-globose conical shape except for JF3942. Almost all the aneuploid had higher sugar content than ‘Hongro’, nearly half of aneuploid fruits were firmer than that of diploid ‘Hongro’. As for the acid contents of aneuploid fruits, the results were greatly different from those of previous studies on diploid apples, in present study the citric acid and tartaric acid contents were more than the malic acid which are dominant acid in most cultivars of apples. Both the length and width of aneuploid tree were shorter than that of diploid ‘Hongro’. Most aneuploid trees’ height was longer than width, but there were 4 exceptions. The size of leaves was smaller than that of diploid ‘Hongro’ according to the length and width of leaves measured. In all, aneuploid’s vegetative growth is not as vigorous as diploid.


본 연구는 이전에 이배체와 삼배체를 교배하여 얻은 이수체 사과 나무의 생장과 과실 특성을 알 아보고자 수행하였다. 이수체 사과나무의 화분발아율, 영양생장, 과실의 특징을 조사하였다. 그 결과, 이수 체 사과 나무 간의 화분발아율의 차이가 크고, 모든 이수체 사과 나무의 화분 발아율이 이배체 ‘홍로’ (82.4%) 보다 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 이수체 사과 나무 과실의 평균 크기와 중량은 이배체 ‘홍로’보다 작 고 가벼운 것으로 나타났다. 또한 이수체 사과 나무 과실의 길이와 너비에 의해 이수체 JF3942빼고 다 른 이수체 과실의 외형이 조금 납작했다. 거의 모든 이수체 사과 나무 과일의 당 함량은 이배체 ‘홍로’ 보다 높았다. 본 실험에서 얻은 이수체 사과의 산 함량은 이전에 대부분의 연구자의 이배체 사과 결과와 완전히 달랐다. 이수체 사과의 시트르산하고 타르타르산 함량은 사과산 함량보다 더 높은 것으로 나타났 다. 이수체 사과 나무의 수고와 폭은 이배체 ‘홍로’보다 짧았다. 대부분 이수체 사과 나무의 수고는 폭보 다 길지만 네 나무는 반대로 나타났다. 잎의 길이와 너비에 의해 이수체 사과 나무 잎의 크기가 이배체 ‘홍로’보다 작았다. 이수체 사과 나무는 이배체보다 잘 자라지 않는 것으로 나타났다.