초록 close

마늘에 있어서 이차생장은 구의 품위를 떨어뜨리며 심할 경우에는 작은 인편이 많이 착생하는 등 종구로 사용하기에도 어렵게 된다. 따라서 남도마늘 대주아 재 배시 지온, 파종시기 및 시비량이 이차생장에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 하였다. 시비수준별 남도마늘 대주 아 재배시 생장특성을 살펴보면 초장, 엽수, 엽초경, 엽장, 엽폭은 검정시비구의 50% 증비를 하였을 경우 가 가장 좋았다. 이차생장 발생율은 검정시비구의 50% 감비시 34.2%, 검정시비구에서는 44.3%, 검정시 비구의 50% 증비하였을 경우는 54.1%로 시비량이 증 가할수록 이차생장 발생률도 증가하였다. 수확한 구의 평균무게는 검정시비구의 50% 감비시 34.1g, 검정시 비구에서는 35.1g 이었으며 검정시비구의 50% 증비시 에는 33.9g로 시비량에 따른 수량변화는 없었다. 지중 온도와 이차생장 발생과의 상관도를 보면 0.982~0.997 로 매우 높게 나타나는 것으로 보아 남도마늘 대주아 재배시 이차생장 발생은 지중온도와 상당히 밀접한 상 관관계가 있었다. 파종시기가 빠를수록 초장, 엽수, 엽 초경 등 지상부 생육이 좋았으며 평균구중도 9월 중순 파종구가 36g, 9월 하순 파종구가 29.6g, 10월 상순 처리구가 27.9g으로 파종이 빠를수록 구가 컸다. 반면 파종시기와 이차생장발생 간에는 별영향이 없는 것으 로 조사되었다.


The secondary growth of garlic depreciates the quality of a bulb and, in the worse cases, makes it difficult to be used as a seed bulb due to many insertions of small cloves in the seed bulb. Therefore, the effect of soil temperature, seedtime, and fertilization rate on the secondary growth of the big bulbils of Namdo garlic has been examined. When we analyzed into the growth characteristics of big bulbils of Namdo garlic under different fertilizer application levels (50% increased fertilization, experimental fertilization and 50% decreased fertilization), the plant height, numbers of leaf, sheathe diameter, leaf length, and leaf width were the best in 50% increase of the test rate of fertilizer. The occurrence rates of secondary growth were 34.2% in 50% decrease of the test rate of fertilizer, 44.3% in the test rate, and 54.1% in 50% increase of the test rate of fertilizer. In other words, the occurrence rate of secondary growth increased by increasing the fertilization rate. While the average harvested bulb weight were 34.1g in 50% decrease of the test rate of fertilizer, 35.1g in the test rate of fertilizer, and 33.9g in 50% increase of the test rate of fertilizer, there were no changes in the number of cloves under different fertilization rates. As the correlation diagram between the soil temperature and occurrence of the secondary growth showed very high relation with 0.892~0.997, the secondary growth in cultivation of Namdo garlic big bulbils had considerably close correlation with the soil temperature. As the earlier the seedtime was, the growth of the above-groundparts including the plant height, numbers of leaf, and sheath diameter were the better. The averages of bulb weight were 36g in the mid September sowed seed bulb, 29.6g in the late September sowed seed bulb, and 27.9g in the early October sowed seed bulb. Overall, our results showed that the bulb size is dependent on the seedtime and the seedtime has no particular effects on the secondary growth.


The secondary growth of garlic depreciates the quality of a bulb and, in the worse cases, makes it difficult to be used as a seed bulb due to many insertions of small cloves in the seed bulb. Therefore, the effect of soil temperature, seedtime, and fertilization rate on the secondary growth of the big bulbils of Namdo garlic has been examined. When we analyzed into the growth characteristics of big bulbils of Namdo garlic under different fertilizer application levels (50% increased fertilization, experimental fertilization and 50% decreased fertilization), the plant height, numbers of leaf, sheathe diameter, leaf length, and leaf width were the best in 50% increase of the test rate of fertilizer. The occurrence rates of secondary growth were 34.2% in 50% decrease of the test rate of fertilizer, 44.3% in the test rate, and 54.1% in 50% increase of the test rate of fertilizer. In other words, the occurrence rate of secondary growth increased by increasing the fertilization rate. While the average harvested bulb weight were 34.1g in 50% decrease of the test rate of fertilizer, 35.1g in the test rate of fertilizer, and 33.9g in 50% increase of the test rate of fertilizer, there were no changes in the number of cloves under different fertilization rates. As the correlation diagram between the soil temperature and occurrence of the secondary growth showed very high relation with 0.892~0.997, the secondary growth in cultivation of Namdo garlic big bulbils had considerably close correlation with the soil temperature. As the earlier the seedtime was, the growth of the above-groundparts including the plant height, numbers of leaf, and sheath diameter were the better. The averages of bulb weight were 36g in the mid September sowed seed bulb, 29.6g in the late September sowed seed bulb, and 27.9g in the early October sowed seed bulb. Overall, our results showed that the bulb size is dependent on the seedtime and the seedtime has no particular effects on the secondary growth.