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본 실험은 국내육성 딸기 품종인 ‘매향’ 및 ‘설향’ 의 관비재배 시 질소와 칼리의 비종이 생육, 수량 및 과실의 품질에 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위해 수행되었 다. 식물체 생육 중 생체중 및 건물중은 두 품종 공 히 요소 + 황산가리 혹은 유안(황산암모늄) + 황산가리 처리에서 높았으며 기타 초장, 엽수, 엽장, 엽폭, 관부 직경 등은 처리 간에 유의성 있는 차이를 보이지 않 았다. 딸기의 수량 역시 생육과 같은 경향으로 특히 ‘설향’에서 요소 + 황산가리와 유안 + 황산가리 처리에 서 수량이 높았다. ‘매향’에서도 같은 경향이었으나 처 리 간에 유의성 있는 차이는 보이지 않았다. 과실의 품질을 나타내는 당도, 경도 비타민C 등은 처리 간에 차이를 보이지 않았다. 시험 종료 후 토양분석을 한 결과 토양의 EC는 요소 처리구에서 낮아지는 경향을 보였으나 반대로 유안 처리에서는 크게 높아졌는데 이 는 금후 시험에서 식물체에 염류농도 장해를 일으킬만 한 수준이었다. 따라서 딸기 관비재배 시 생육, 수량, 토양 EC 농도, 비료의 용해도 등을 고려하였을 시 질 소질 비료로는 요소가 칼리질 비료로는 황산가리가 적 합한 것으로 추천되었다.


The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of nitrogen and potassium sources on growth and yield of strawberry ‘Seolhyang’ and ‘Maehyang’ in fertigation culture. The plant fresh and dry weight were higher in urea + potassium sulfate and ammonium sulfate + potassium sulfate as nitrogen and potassium sources than others in both varieties. But there were no significant difference among nitrogen and potassium sources in other growth characteristics, such as plant height, no. of leaf, crown diameter etc. Also, the marketable yield of fruit were higher in urea + potassium sulfate and ammonium sulfate + potassium sulfate in ‘Seolhyang’ than other treatments. ‘Maehyang’ was better in both treatments but there was no significant difference. The fruit qualities, such as total soluble solid, hardness, acidity, vitamin C content were not significant difference among the treatments. The acidity of soil was tended to decrease but EC was tended to increase highly in ammonium sulfate treatments as a nitrogen source. As above results, the urea and potassium sulfate were recommended as nitrogen and potassium sources for the fertigation culture of strawberry ‘Seolhyang’ and ‘Maehyang’.


The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of nitrogen and potassium sources on growth and yield of strawberry ‘Seolhyang’ and ‘Maehyang’ in fertigation culture. The plant fresh and dry weight were higher in urea + potassium sulfate and ammonium sulfate + potassium sulfate as nitrogen and potassium sources than others in both varieties. But there were no significant difference among nitrogen and potassium sources in other growth characteristics, such as plant height, no. of leaf, crown diameter etc. Also, the marketable yield of fruit were higher in urea + potassium sulfate and ammonium sulfate + potassium sulfate in ‘Seolhyang’ than other treatments. ‘Maehyang’ was better in both treatments but there was no significant difference. The fruit qualities, such as total soluble solid, hardness, acidity, vitamin C content were not significant difference among the treatments. The acidity of soil was tended to decrease but EC was tended to increase highly in ammonium sulfate treatments as a nitrogen source. As above results, the urea and potassium sulfate were recommended as nitrogen and potassium sources for the fertigation culture of strawberry ‘Seolhyang’ and ‘Maehyang’.