초록 close

이 연구는 여가가 스트레스에 미치는 영향에 있어서 남녀 간 차이가 존재할 것이란 가정 하에, 한국사회에서 여가, 스트레스, 젠더 간의 관계를 실증적으로 살펴보는 것을 목적으로 한다. 특히 이 연구는 스트레스에 미치는 영향의 남녀 간 차이가 여가활동의 유형에 따라 그 방향성과 정도가 변할 것이라는 가설을 중점적으로 검증한다. 이와 아울러 여성의 여가활동 참여 시 느끼는 정서적 불안감의 정도에 따라 스트레스의 수준이 변할 것이라는 가설도 검토된다. 한국종합사회조사 2007년 자료에 대한 서열로짓모델의 적용을 통하여 분석한 결과, 여러 여가활동 유형들이 스트레스에 대해 갖는 효과는 남녀 간 유사점과 차이점이 동시에 존재한다는 사실이 확인된다. 구체적으로, '친구만나기'와 '운동하기'는 남녀 모두에게 스트레스를 해소하는 데 도움을 주지만, '쇼핑하기'와 '전화로 얘기하기'는 여성의 스트레스를 오히려 가중시킨다. 뿐만 아니라 여성들이 여가활동 참여 시 느끼는 정서적 불안감은 스트레스를 악화시키며, 이러한 심리상태로 표현되는 낮은 여가의 질은 여성의 여가가 참다운 여가가 되는데 장애 요인으로 작용한다. 특히 전화로 얘기하기는 낮은 여가의 질과 상호작용하여 여성의 스트레스를 증가시킨다. 이 결과는 여가활동 참여가 항상 스트레스를 감소시키는 기능을 하는 것은 아니며, 여성의 여가와 스트레스를 이해하기 위해서는 여성의 여가활동에 부여된 의미와 그 특성을 파악하는 것이 중요하다는 점을 시사해준다.


T'his study attempts to clarify the relationship among leisure activities, stress, and gender by analyzing the 2007 Korean General Social Survey (KGSS) data. Particularly, this study verifies the hypothesis that the difference between men and women in the direction and magnitude of effects of stress vary with type of leisure activity. The hypothesis that emotional stability or anxiety held by women in activities in free time determines their level of stress is also examined. Results from ordered logit analyses for the 2007 KGSS data confirm that there exist similarities and dissimilarities in the effects of various leisure activities on stress between men and women. Specifically, stress level is likely to be reduced by activities such as getting together with friends or taking part in physical activities among both men and women, but exacerbated by going out shopping or chatting on the phone among women. Furthermore, the results show that anxiety held by women in certain leisure activities is likely to increase stress, indicating that anxiety is a major obstacle to enjoyment of leisure activities, especially for women. In sum, the results imply that all types of free time activities do not necessarily decrease stress, and that subjective meaning given to individual activity is critical to understand the relationship between leisure activities and stress among women. The implications for the relationship between leisure activities and stress are discussed.


T'his study attempts to clarify the relationship among leisure activities, stress, and gender by analyzing the 2007 Korean General Social Survey (KGSS) data. Particularly, this study verifies the hypothesis that the difference between men and women in the direction and magnitude of effects of stress vary with type of leisure activity. The hypothesis that emotional stability or anxiety held by women in activities in free time determines their level of stress is also examined. Results from ordered logit analyses for the 2007 KGSS data confirm that there exist similarities and dissimilarities in the effects of various leisure activities on stress between men and women. Specifically, stress level is likely to be reduced by activities such as getting together with friends or taking part in physical activities among both men and women, but exacerbated by going out shopping or chatting on the phone among women. Furthermore, the results show that anxiety held by women in certain leisure activities is likely to increase stress, indicating that anxiety is a major obstacle to enjoyment of leisure activities, especially for women. In sum, the results imply that all types of free time activities do not necessarily decrease stress, and that subjective meaning given to individual activity is critical to understand the relationship between leisure activities and stress among women. The implications for the relationship between leisure activities and stress are discussed.