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절화 장미 ‘Vital’을 코코피트와 펄라이트(3 : 1, v/v) 혼합배지에서 2006년 4월 20일부터 이듬 해 10월 15 일까지 용기재배를 하였다. 사용한 양액은 애지현(愛知 懸) 장미 표준액으로 고온기와 저온기에 양액의 조성 을 달리하였으며, 계절별로 양액농도를 표준액의 0.7배, 1.0배, 그리고 1.3배액으로 처리하였는데 표준액의 계절 별 급액농도는 4~6월은 1.4dS·m−1, 7~8월은 1.0dS· m−1, 9~10월은 1.4dS·m−1, 11~3월은 1.6dS·m−1였다. 급액량은 FDR 수분센서를 이용하여 −5kPa에서 급액 하여 주당 120mL씩 공급하였다. 수확은 7회 하였는데 수량은 3차까지는 처리간에 차이가 없었지만, 4차 수 확부터는 1.3배구의 수량이 다른 처리구에 비하여 적 었다. 절화장미의 가장 중요한 상품요소인 절화장을 재 배시기별로 조사하였을 때 0.7배구는 표준액구와 비교 하여 총수량은 적은 경향이었으나 70cm 이하의 하품 생산량이 적고, 91cm 이상 상품성이 우수한 절화의 생산량이 많았다. 그 외에도 0.7배 처리구는 절화중, 화경경, 화중 등 상품성이 우수하였다. 이상의 결과를 종합하면, 유기물인 코코피트를 주재 료로 하여 펄라이트와 혼합한 배지를 이용하여 절화장 미 수경재배 시에는 재배기간이 길어질수록 배지내에 무기성분이 집적되기 때문에 기존의 무기물 배지를 이 용할 때 보다 표준액의 0.7배액 정도로 낮은 농도로 급액하면 상품성이 우수한 절화를 생산할 수 있을 것 으로 사료된다.


Organic materials reveal the remarkable absorption and high buffer capacity for nutrient. Hence, organic materials need some different nutrient management skill from inorganic one. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of EC level of nutrient solution on the yield and quality of cut rose grown in the mixed substrate of coir and perlite. 3 EC levels of nutrient solution was treated, which were 0.7, 1.0, 1.3 times of standard solution (Aichiken solution, Japan) for cut rose hydroponics. EC of the standard solution was changed by season following as 1.4 (Apr.~June), 1.0 (July~Aug.), 1.4 (Sep.~Oct.), and 1.6dS · m−1 (Nov.~Mar.) subsequently. The supply of nutrient solution was controlled by the signal of water potential at −5kPa using frequency domain reflectometry (FDR) sensor. As the results, marketable yield was similar for all treatments until 3rd harvest, but was decreased in high EC level from 4th harvest to 7th harvest as final. 0.7 times of standard solution decreased the ratio of unmarketable rose having short stem below 70cm and increased the ratio of high quality rose having long stem above 91cm. The flower weight and stem diameter of cut rose was higher in the low EC treatment than the others.


Organic materials reveal the remarkable absorption and high buffer capacity for nutrient. Hence, organic materials need some different nutrient management skill from inorganic one. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of EC level of nutrient solution on the yield and quality of cut rose grown in the mixed substrate of coir and perlite. 3 EC levels of nutrient solution was treated, which were 0.7, 1.0, 1.3 times of standard solution (Aichiken solution, Japan) for cut rose hydroponics. EC of the standard solution was changed by season following as 1.4 (Apr.~June), 1.0 (July~Aug.), 1.4 (Sep.~Oct.), and 1.6dS · m−1 (Nov.~Mar.) subsequently. The supply of nutrient solution was controlled by the signal of water potential at −5kPa using frequency domain reflectometry (FDR) sensor. As the results, marketable yield was similar for all treatments until 3rd harvest, but was decreased in high EC level from 4th harvest to 7th harvest as final. 0.7 times of standard solution decreased the ratio of unmarketable rose having short stem below 70cm and increased the ratio of high quality rose having long stem above 91cm. The flower weight and stem diameter of cut rose was higher in the low EC treatment than the others.