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This article attempts to illustrate a possibility of dialogue between Christian theology and natural science using altruism as a contact point. Of course, after Darwin, selfishness has been widely discussed as the strongest inclination of all living creatures. This is especially true for sociobiology and genetic science. However, it is well known that there are several different theories in Darwinism such as kin selection theory, theory of inclusive fitness, theory of reciprocal altruism, evolutionary game theory, etc,. Though all these theories have emphasized selfishness as starting point in understanding living organisms, many unselfish cases of animals and human beings have been observed and reported. Therefore, this article argues that motivational dynamics, cultural approaches, ethical discussion, religious discussion are necessary in understanding of altruism. It is argued that the concept of Christian Agape can help natural sciences deepen their understandings of altruism found among human beings and living creatures. This means that serious dialogue has become an urgent issue between natural science and Christian theology. Though several scientific atheists, such as Richard Dawkins, E. Wilson have raised their voices, a stronger necessity of dialogue between natural science and Christian theology has appeared. Natural scientists need to hear what Christian theologians say and Christian theologians need to read more materials about natural science. The dawn of consonance between theology and natural science shows us a right track to go.


This article attempts to illustrate a possibility of dialogue between Christian theology and natural science using altruism as a contact point. Of course, after Darwin, selfishness has been widely discussed as the strongest inclination of all living creatures. This is especially true for sociobiology and genetic science. However, it is well known that there are several different theories in Darwinism such as kin selection theory, theory of inclusive fitness, theory of reciprocal altruism, evolutionary game theory, etc,. Though all these theories have emphasized selfishness as starting point in understanding living organisms, many unselfish cases of animals and human beings have been observed and reported. Therefore, this article argues that motivational dynamics, cultural approaches, ethical discussion, religious discussion are necessary in understanding of altruism. It is argued that the concept of Christian Agape can help natural sciences deepen their understandings of altruism found among human beings and living creatures. This means that serious dialogue has become an urgent issue between natural science and Christian theology. Though several scientific atheists, such as Richard Dawkins, E. Wilson have raised their voices, a stronger necessity of dialogue between natural science and Christian theology has appeared. Natural scientists need to hear what Christian theologians say and Christian theologians need to read more materials about natural science. The dawn of consonance between theology and natural science shows us a right track to go.