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Korea has been long considered a nation with a mono-culture. And yet, over one million migrant workers and immigrant women are now residing in Korea. Korean government is actively involved in supporting and establishing an infrastructure that would embrace its migrants to adjust to the new life in Korea. However, what needs to supersede the establishment of an infrastructure to embrace these migrants as they adjust to Korean culture is an in-depth study into their inner and psychological make-up. This article proposes the need for constructing a critical model of Christian (pastoral) counseling that more adequately addresses the internal work of culture among the immigrant by critically utilizing psychotherapy and anthropology in a hermeneutical framework. This paper presents a challenge to a dualistic understanding of culture and psyche. In terms of the location question for humans, culture is out there and psychology is in here. A few anthropological theorists, such as Richard Shweder, argue that culture and psychology are distinct, but that how and where to mark the division is unclear. For those who now offer multicultural clients pastoral care and counseling services, it is noted that cultural essentialism in which culture is active and psychology is passive should be reconsidered. In this paper, a new understanding of culture is suggested: "interpretivist" notion of culture. Culture, as Clifford Geertz defines it, is a "system of symbols," or, alternatively, "the webs of significance [a human being] himself [or herself] spun."To examine the internal work of culture in clinical settings, the article focuses upon psychological anthropologist Gananath Obeyesekere. Obeyesekere combines psychoanalytic and interpretivist approaches. His emphasis is on how the individual internalizes cultural (public) systems. For him, the work of culture is to reroute repressed energy into socially adaptive tasks; on the other hand, he shows how the individual takes cultural resources (particularly religious beliefs and rituals), internalizes them and then works with them to resolve personal and often traumatic and abusive experiences. A case of Korean American woman named Jun appeared in Karen Seeley's book, Cultural Psychotherapy is used to critically examine this internal work of culture. The thesis of the article states that Christian (pastoral) counselor in multicultural Korea should be able to practice "cultural psychological bracketing" to avoid the oppressive work of internalized culture both for themselves and for their clients because of stereotyping other external cultures in public.