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This paper is to study the fourth plague, so-called "Flies Plague" by analyzing the biblical text in Exodus 8:20-32. Among ten plagues, this fourth plague seems to have its own function that can be distinguished from other plagues. The characteristics of this plague needs to be identified to enhance our understanding of the fourth plague. There are at least four elements that attract our attention. The first element would be the element of knowing YHWH. This element is the main reason for ten plagues, but its aspect appears a bit differently from one plague to another. This fourth plague shows that the Egyptians should know YHWH who is in the midst of the earth. The second element would be the element of separation between Israel and the Egyptians. The flies did not appear in Goshen where Israel lived but they did much damage to the Egyptians. The only target of the fourth plague was the Egyptians. This element of separation is introduced for the first time since the first plague had begun. The third element is called the element of time. Moses told Pharaoh that he would pray to YHWH to get rid of the flies from the land of Egypt tomorrow. He was in charge by setting the time. In this case we can conclude that the plague was brought not by accident, but by the work of YHWH. The last element would be the element of the land. Israel is supposed to go out of the land of Egypt and take the promised land, Canaan. YHWH asked Moses to tell Pharaoh that Israel must go to the wilderness for three days in order to sacrifice to YHWH. The land Israel should exit from and the land Israel must go to would be the key element in this fourth plague. YHWH does not need to bring those ten plagues to take Israel out of the land of Egypt. He, however, brought those plagues to Egypt because of specific reasons. In order to make Egypt to know who YHWH is in the relationship with the concept of the land, the fourth plague plays his role among the whole narratives of ten plagues in Exodus.