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This article reviews the empirical analyses on territorial disputes of the world over the last century to list the variables found statistically significant and to introduce the hypothesis deduced from theoretical perspective explaining territorial disputes. The variables and hypotheses are tested for their validity against the three territorial disputes of Northeast Asia. The cases of Dokto/Takeshima, Senkaku/Diaoyutai, and Northern territories of Japan are evaluated based upon the findings of the studies. Policy suggestions for the Dokdo/Takeshima case followed according to the variables. At the domestic level, the promotion of democracy will contribute to the peaceful settlement of the dispute, and signaling a firm resolve in a crisis situation is important in preventing the escalation of the dispute into an armed conflict. At the international level, alliance ties with the United States acted as a deterrent against dispute escalation between Japan and Korea, and maintaining a balance in military forces contribute to peaceful resolution of the dispute. If a regional security community is developed, which does not exist in Northeast Asia, it will make a most comprehensive influence for peaceful resolution on the whole life cycle of territorial disputes.