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This article explain the trade policy changes in China and strategies of Japan. China’s trading partners regard rising China as both "opportunity" and "threat." Each country tries to maximize opportunities by developing friendly relations with China as well as helping its business community to explore new trade and investment opportunities in China. For trade and investment policy issues, each government uses different approaches, depending on the leverage it can exercise with respect to China. For larger and more powerful countries such as the U.S. and the EU, more aggressive and sometimes confrontational approaches are adopted, usually in the form of using national trade legislations or WTO dispute settlement mechanism. Smaller countries such as Canada, Australia and Switzerland seem to prefer less confrontational and more cooperative approach vis-à-vis China. In the case of Japan, despite the huge trade and investment ties between the two countries, the government policy remains passive with the private sector initiatives mainly driving the increasing economic ties. Through this studies of trade policy changes in China and strategies of Japan, I first explains the overview of Japan trade relations with China, then show(analyze) evolution of trade policies toward China(before WTO accession/after WTO accession, relationship to foreign policy/domestic support for current policy). Second, I examined the outstanding trade issues and disputes in terms of bilateral and multilateral. Third, I argue that the current trade policy strategy toward China and China’s response(assessment of effectiveness of China strategy) and Forth, I surveyed the current institutional framework for dealing with trade issues with China and its effectiveness. Lastly, I showd direction of China’s future trade policy and the alternatives for policy responses of trading partners.