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Jilin Province is similar to many newly industrialized countries. This analysis is based on data for 1990 from Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, in which ethnic Koreans comprise over 40% of the population. Analysis of infant mortality in Yanbian addresses the relation of socioeconomic status and female deprivation. Especially among ethnic Koreans, household socio-economic status is related to lower infant mortality, but the higher the socio-economic status, the GREATER the sex differential in infant mortality, with males having lower infant mortality. Families seem to allocate resources disproportionately to benefit boys. If households do not use resources to improve girls' survival, the healthfulness of the area in which the household girl lives becomes especially important for girls' survival. Our results suggest that in high son preference locales, reliance on household resources is likely to lead to limited improvements in the survival of infant girls


Jilin Province is similar to many newly industrialized countries. This analysis is based on data for 1990 from Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, in which ethnic Koreans comprise over 40% of the population. Analysis of infant mortality in Yanbian addresses the relation of socioeconomic status and female deprivation. Especially among ethnic Koreans, household socio-economic status is related to lower infant mortality, but the higher the socio-economic status, the GREATER the sex differential in infant mortality, with males having lower infant mortality. Families seem to allocate resources disproportionately to benefit boys. If households do not use resources to improve girls' survival, the healthfulness of the area in which the household girl lives becomes especially important for girls' survival. Our results suggest that in high son preference locales, reliance on household resources is likely to lead to limited improvements in the survival of infant girls