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This paper reveals the relationship of intonation units with syntactic structure across four spoken genres, following to analysis of grammatical tags in tagged spoken corpus. In this paper, we try to discover if “one clause principle” of intonation unit is a language-universal concept, and if the frequency and the distribution of syntactic types in intonation units similarly appear across four text genres. In addition, we discover which factors are related to the aspect of syntactic types of intonation units. In a wider perspective, this study can contribute to identifying the independent syntactic unit of Korean spoken language and the results of this study can be applied to revealing the nature of syntactic structures in human interaction.