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Ji-Min Kim. 2009. A conditions of Error Determination Standard and Explanation :Perspective of teaching and learning. Journal of the International Network for Korean Language and Culture. Vol. 6-2. 33-58. The Purpose of this paper is to discussing that we have to enough consider learner's conditions and teacher's error management on error analysis perspective of teaching and learning. Even though same error data, according the aim of error analysis, objects and explanations of error are different. So it is need to consider the aim of error analysis during to determine the objets of error and explain a phenomenons for a meaningful result of a error analysis. At chapter 2, through the research learner's error data, we can know that the learner's conditions (intentions of expression, level of study, ability of target language) are one of a important standards of error determination. At chapter 3, we can find that the underlying, rules cause error is more important than surface error form in the error explanation course. Even if some data have the error form, it is difficult to say how many underlying, rules cause error. So we need to confirm the underlying rules cause error for the explanations of learner's error essence.(yeungnam university)