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배추좀나방(Plutella xylostella L.)의 효과적인 방제를 위해서 현재 상용화되고 있는 친환경 농자재인 Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki(30×108 cfu/mg)와 Neem oil(0.5% azadirachtin)을 사용하였다. 두 약제를 추천농도로 처리했을 때 배추좀나방 1. 2령 유충에서 B. thuringiensis는 2일만에 100%의 사충률을 보였으며, Azadirachtin은 7일까지 지효적 효과를 보였다. 배추좀나방 1, 2, 3, 4령 유충에 대한 B. thuringiensis의 LC50 값은 각각 2.8×104, 3.1×104, 3.4×104, 1.5×105 cfu/ml이였으며, Azadirachtin은 2.7, 3.9, 4.7, 7.1 ppm이였다. B. thuringiensis와 Azadirachtin를 배추좀나방 성충에 처리하였을 경우에 산란수는 무처리와 비교하여 Azadirachtin 25 ppm에서 57.5개의 감소를 보였다. 또한 알의 부화율은 무처리와 비교하여 B. thuringiensis는 큰 차이가 없었고, Azadirachtin 50 ppm에서 45.4%의 부화율 감소를 나타냈다. 배추좀나방은 B. thuringiensis와 Azadirachtin을 혼합처리할 경우, 각각의 처리구에서 각각을 단독으로 처리하였을 때보다 높은 방제효과를 나타내었다. 포트시험의 경우에서도 B. thuringiensis와 Neem oil의 혼합처리 사용은 배추좀나방 알, 유충, 번데기, 성충의 친환경적인 방제에 효과를 나타냈다.


For the environmental friendly management of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (30×108 cfu/mg) and neem oil (0.5% azadirachtin) were used as green control agencies with mixed and alternative treatments on the chinese cabbage. When Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki was applied to 1st and 2nd larva of P. xylostella with recommended concentration, their mortalities were reached to 100% by 2 days after treatment. In case of azadirachtin, its effect of mortality was continued for 7 days, and reached to 100% mortality. LC50 values of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki and azadirachtin against 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th larva of P. xylostella were 2.8×104, 3.1×104, 3.4×104 and 1.5×105 cfu/ml, and 2.7, 3.9, 4.7 and 7.1 ppm, respectively. The number of laid eggs of P. xylostella was reduced to 57.5 at 25 ppm of azadirachtin compared with control treatment. The hatch ratio was not significantly different with Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki treatment in comparison with control treatment. However, when azadirachtin was applied, their hatch ratio were reduced to 25.8 and 45.4% at 25 and 50 ppm, respectively. On the other hand, emergence rate of eggs was not different with Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki treatment, but 45.4% was shown in azadirachtin treatment with 50 ppm in comparison with control. When the mixture with Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki and azadirachtin was applied to adults of P. xylostella, their mortality was higher than Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki treatment only. These results are supposed that the mixture of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki and azadirachtin might be used as green control agents for reducing the demage of diamondback moth in the Chinse cabbage.