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Recently the major maritime countries have reassessed the value of the ocean and have actively discussed strategy for the realization of the Blue Economy. They believe that the global crisis such as climate change, resource supply pressures and economic recession should be overcome through the ocean. Besides, development of marine science and technology helps us to access to and use the ocean. But Blue Economy’s concept has not been established yet. The experts usually emphasize the growth potential, economic importance and sustainability of the ocean. The common key words of the major maritime countries’ marine policies are increased interaction, sustaina- bility, innovation, response․adaptation․mitigation, international cooperation and public awareness. Considering the above factors, Blue Economy's concept could be a sustainable economic development model based on a close relationship with the ocean. In other words, Blue Economy is a new economic development model under the increased interactions between human society and the ocean. Realizing Blue Economy requires innovative development of marine science and technology, building industrialization base, strengthening the management of marine resources and increasing awareness about the value of the ocean.