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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the degree of preoperative anxiety and postoperative pain among volunteer and non-volunteer donors in living liver transplantation. Methods: The 32 volunteer and 32 non-volunteer donors were recruited from a university hospital after obtaining research approval. The data were analyzed by c2, t, ANOVA tests and Pearson's correlation coefficients using SPSS 12.0 program. Results: There were no significant differences in pre-operative anxiety between the two groups. However, the non-volunteer donors had significantly more severe pain for 3 postoperative days, measured by visual analogue scale (VAS) and non-verbal pain behavior scale (non-VPBS), compared to that of the volunteer donors. There was a significant correlation between preoperative state anxiety and postoperative non-VPBS score. Conclusions: These results showed that liver donors who belonged to the non-volunteer group needed much more active postoperative pain management and psychological support than the volunteer group.